The Paris Agreement, also known as the Paris Climate Accord, is a landmark international climate change agreement that was signed by 195 countries in 2015. Its goal is to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
One of the challenges in reporting on the Paris Agreement is the complex taxonomy of its components. Below is a brief overview of the key terms and concepts used in the agreement:
1. Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs): Each country that signed the Paris Agreement is required to submit a plan for reducing its greenhouse gas emissions. These plans are known as NDCs and are reviewed every five years.
2. Long-Term Strategies: In addition to NDCs, countries are encouraged to develop long-term strategies for transitioning to a low-carbon economy. These strategies should cover the period up to 2050 and be updated every five years.
3. Global Stocktake: The Paris Agreement provides for a global stocktake every five years to assess progress towards the goals of the agreement. This stocktake will consider the latest scientific information on climate change and the actions taken by countries.
4. Adaptation: The Paris Agreement recognizes that some climate change impacts are unavoidable and that countries need to adapt to them. Adaptation measures may include building sea walls, conserving water resources, and developing drought-resistant crops.
5. Mitigation: Mitigation refers to efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These efforts may include switching to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and reducing deforestation.
6. Finance: Developed countries have committed to providing financial support to developing countries to help them implement climate change mitigation and adaptation measures. The Paris Agreement also established the Green Climate Fund, which is intended to provide financing for climate-related projects in developing countries.
7. Transparency and Accountability: The Paris Agreement requires countries to regularly report on their emissions, progress towards their NDCs, and the support they are providing to other countries. This information will be used to assess progress towards the goals of the agreement and to encourage countries to increase their ambition over time.
In conclusion, understanding the Paris Agreement taxonomy is critical for journalists, policymakers, and anyone else interested in climate change. By knowing the key terms and concepts used in the agreement, we can better communicate the challenges and opportunities of addressing climate change on a global scale.